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Screening Kit of Language Development (SKOLD)

Screening Kit of Language Development (SKOLD)
Stimulus Materials and Scoring Guidelines

Screening Kit of Language Development (SKOLD)
(Black English)

Bliss, L. S. and Allen, D. V. (1983). Screening Kit of Language Development (SKOLD). Baltimore MD: University Park Press.

The Screening Kit of Language Development (SKOLD) was developed to meet the needs of speech-language pathologists and paraprofessionals for early identification of children with language impairments (developmental ages 30-48 months). It includes normative data for preschool children who speak Black English as well as Standard English. These data have been collected in order to avoice misidentifying a nonstandard speaker as an impaired speaker. SKOLD has been standardized with paraprofessional administrators.

SKOLD consists of six discrete tests designed to screen the language behavior of each of the following groups of children: S-30, S-37, S-43 designed for children ages 30 to 36, 37-42, and 43 to 48 months, respectively, who would be scored correct only if they responded in Standard English, and B-30, B-37, and B-43 designed for children of the same age ranges for whom either a Standard English or an equivalent Black English response would be scored correct.

There are approximately 35 items per test. Items tap comprehension and production of words and sentences. Speech production is not analyzed by SKOLD. Testing takes approximately 15 minutes per child, including preliminary establishment of rapport.

The test manual describes the construction, standardization, administration, scoring, and interpretation of SKOLD. In addition, guidelines are presented for the development of screening programs. In the appendices are definitions of terms and descriptions of speech and language structure and normal and impaired language development, as well as the linguistic characteristics of Black English, all designed for paraprofessionals.

Availability Information
University Park Press
International Publishers in Medicine and Human Services
300 North Charles Street
Baltimore MD 21201

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